Top 5 Countries With the Most Coral Reefs
Whether you’re into diving or not, who won’t
appreciate the beautiful coral reefs beneath the sea?
According to the World Bank, one hundred scientists declared that the Philippines is the world’s center of marine biodiversity. Philippines is known to be rich with natural resources. One of the country’s pride are their coral reefs. Tubbataha Reef is the country’s most popular reef.
Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park is a protected area of the Philippines located in the middle of the Sulu Sea. The marine and bird sanctuary consists of two huge atolls (named the North Atoll and South Atoll) and the smaller Jessie Beazley Reef covering a total area of 97,030 hectares (239,800 acres; 374.6 sq mi). It was on December 1993, when UNESCO declared the Tubbataha Reefs National Park as a World Heritage Site which is a unique example of an atoll reef with a very high density of marine species; the North Islet serving as a nesting site for birds and marine turtles. In 2008, the reef was nominated at the New 7 Wonders of Nature
Not only is Indonesia rich in culture, they are also rich in their natural resources. Indonesia also boasts their beautiful oceans and beaches. Wakatobi Island is one of the famous islands in Indonesia which is also their premier dive site because of its beautiful coral reef. It is the third largest marine park in Indonesia. It is said to have called the Wakatobi islands – then known as the Tukangbesi islands: an “Underwater Nirwana”.
Now a national marine park covering the entire Waktobi District, it comprises 1.4 million hectares, of which 900,000 host tropical coral reefs. Wakatobi has the highest number of reef and fish species in the world. The islands are form the largest barrier reef in Indonesia, second only to the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. Wakatobi is one of 16 priority areas slated for development.
Who would not know The Great Barrier Reef? The Great Barrier Reef is one of Australia’s most remarkable gifts, the Great Barrier Reef is blessed with the breathtaking beauty of the world’s largest coral reef. The reef is abundant of marine life and comprises of over 3000 individual reef systems and coral cays and literally hundreds of picturesque tropical islands with some of the worlds most beautiful sun-soaked, golden beaches. The Great Barrier Reef has become one of the world’s most popular and sought after tourist destinations. However, The Great Barrier Reef is facing danger because of Global warming.
Presently, scientists in Australia are examining the possibility of enlarging and brightening the clouds around the Great Barrier Reef to save the delicate coral reefs from bleaching.
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2. Papa New Guinea
Papa New Guinea also has a wide reef area, with approximately 13,840 km squared. One of their beautiful reefs is Kimbe Bay. Kimbe Bay is a large bay in West New Britain Province, off the northern coast of New Britain, Papua New Guinea. It is an important biodiversity hotspot. 60 percent of the coral species of the entire Indo-Pacific region live here. Kimbe Bay is the home of more than 860 coral reef fish species. Because of a massive die-off of coral worldwide due to pollution, human activities, and global warming, Kimbe Bay has become increasingly important, since it is seen as one of the last holdouts for coral should the degradation continue. Efforts are currently underway to limit the human impact on the bay. Due to its beauty it is also a popular diving site.
France also boasts its large reef area. According to coralguardian.org France is the only country in the world with coral reefs in three oceans. These various contexts give them an exceptional diversity. Our country is home to 10% of the world’s coral reefs (4th rank – 55,000 km2), located in eight communities overseas tropical whose local economy is heavily dependent on this ecosystem: Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, Réunion, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Wallis and Futuna and the scattered islands of the Indian Ocean. 95% of French coral reefs are located in the Pacific Ocean (French Polynesia and New Caledonia). The coral reefs of New Caledonia were classified as World Heritage Site in 1998. For France, this is a global recognition of the originality and importance of its reefs are 16,000 km2 of protected about 40,000 km2 in existing French overseas coral reef ecosystem.